Comparing Party Platforms

A close examination of each Party’s most recent Platform (2016) reveals its core beliefs and could provide a powerful indication of how that Party’s nominee will vote.

For your convenience, we have broken the lengthy party platforms into digestible portions based on topic and placed them side-by-side for comparison.

Economy

Democratic Party Platform

The Democratic Platform has three overarching categories addressing the economy: 1) Raise Incomes and Restore Economic Security for the Middle Class (p. 3-6); 2) Create Good-Paying Jobs (p. 7-9); and 3) Fight for Economic Fairness and Against Inequality (p. 9-12).

RAISE INCOMES AND RESTORE ECONOMIC SECURITY FOR THE MIDDLE CLASS (p. 3)

Democrats believe we must break down all the barriers holding Americans back and restore the basic bargain that built America’s mighty middle class: If you work hard and play by the rules, you can get ahead and stay ahead. The system is not working when we have a rigged economy in which ordinary Americans work longer hours for lower wages, while most new income and wealth goes to the top one percent. Republican governors, legislatures, and their corporate allies have launched attack after attack on workers’ fundamental rights to organize and bargain collectively. Too many Americans are living paycheck to paycheck, and hallmarks of a middle class life—owning a home, having access to affordable and quality childcare, retiring with dignity—feel out of reach. It is no wonder so many Americans feel like the deck is stacked against them. The Democratic Party believes that supporting workers through higher wages, workplace protections, policies to balance work and family, and other investments will help rebuild the middle class for the 21st century.

Raising Workers' Wages (p. 3)

“Democrats believe that the current minimum wage is a starvation wage and must be increased to a living wage. No one who works full time should have to raise a family in poverty. We believe that Americans should earn at least $15 an hour and have the right to form or join a union and will work in every way we can… to reach this goal. We should raise the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour over time and index it, give all Americans the ability to join a union regardless of where they work, and create new ways for workers to have power in the economy so every worker can earn at least $15 an hour… We also support creating one fair wage for all workers by ending the subminimum wage for tipped workers and people with disabilities.

Democrats support a model employer executive order or some other vehicle to leverage federal dollars to support employers who provide their workers with a living wage, good benefits, and the opportunity to form a union without reprisal. The one trillion dollars spent annually by the government on contracts, loans, and grants should be used to support good jobs that rebuild the middle class.”

This section was shortened from 228 to 203 words. For full text, see page 3 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Protecting Workers’ Fundamental Rights (p. 4)

The Democratic Party believes that when workers are strong, America is strong. Democrats will make it easier for workers. . . to exercise their right to organize and join unions. We will fight to pass laws that direct the National Labor Relations Board to certify a union if a simple majority of eligible workers sign valid authorization cards, as well as laws that bring companies to the negotiating table. We support binding arbitration to help workers who have voted to join a union reach a first contract.

A major factor in the 40-year decline in the middle class is that the rights of workers to bargain collectively for better wages and benefits have been under attack at all levels. . .

Democrats believe so-called “right to work” laws are wrong for workers. . . and wrong for America. We. . . oppose. . . efforts that would eliminate dues check-off procedures, roll-back prevailing wage standards, abolish fair share requirements, restrict the use of voluntary membership payments for political purposes, attack seniority, restrict due process protections, and require annual recertification efforts. . .

The Democratic Party believes consumers, workers, students, retirees, and investors. . . should never be denied their right to fight for fair treatment under the law. That is why we will support efforts to limit the use of forced arbitration clauses in employment and service contracts. . .

This section was shortened from 346 to 230 words. For full text, see page 4 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Supporting Working Families (p. 4)

We will fight to secure equal pay for women. . . we will combat the discrimination they face on and off the job.  . . .Democrats will make sure that the United States finally enacts national paid family and medical leave. . . that would provide all workers at least 12 weeks of paid leave to care for a new child or address a personal or family member’s serious health issue. We will fight to allow workers the right to earn at least seven days of paid sick leave. We will also encourage employers to provide paid vacation.

. . .We will ensure that family caregivers have the support, respite care, and training they need to support their loved ones. We will create a strong stable paid caregiving workforce to help meet families’ needs. . . We will address the conditions that make it hard for workers with unpredictable or inflexible schedules to meet caregiving responsibilities. We will take steps to expand and strengthen the home care workforce. We will increase investments to make quality childcare more affordable, boost wages for childcare workers, and support the millions of people paying for, coordinating, or providing care for aging relatives or those with disabilities.

This section was shortened from 287 to 202 words. For full text, see page 4 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Helping More Workers Share in Near-Record Corporate Profits (p. 5)

Corporate profits are at near-record highs, but workers have not shared through rising wages. Profitsharing is linked to higher pay and productivity. That is why, working with business, labor, and other stakeholders, we will incentivize companies to share profits with their employees on top of wages and pay increases, while targeting the workers and businesses that need profit-sharing the most.

Expanding Access to Affordable Housing and Homeownership (p. 5)

. . .Democrats will continue to fight for those families who suffered the loss of their homes. We will help those who are working toward a path of financial stability and will put sustainable home ownership into the reach of more families. Democrats will also combat the affordable housing crisis and skyrocketing rents in many parts of the country. . .

We will preserve and increase the supply of affordable rental housing by expanding incentives to ease local barriers to building new affordable rental housing developments in areas of economic opportunity. We will substantially increase funding for the National Housing Trust Fund. . .

We will expand efforts to address the lingering effects of the foreclosure crisis through programs. . . We will also expand programs to prevent displacement of existing residents. . . create affordable and workforce housing; and preserve neighborhood-serving nonprofit organizations and small businesses. We will reinvigorate housing production programs, repair public housing, and increase funding for the housing choice voucher program and other rental assistance programs. And we will fight for robust funding to end homelessness. . . through targeted investments to provide the necessary outreach, social services, and housing options. . .  We will engage in a stronger, more coordinated, and better funded partnership among federal, state, and local governments to end chronic homelessness. . . build on and expand President Obama’s promising initiatives. . .

. . .We will keep the housing market robust and inclusive by supporting more first-time homebuyers and putting more Americans into the financial position to become sustainable homeowners; preserving the 30-year fixed rate mortgage; modernizing credit scoring; clarifying lending rules; expanding access to housing counseling; defending and strengthening the Fair Housing Act; and ensuring that regulators have the clear direction, resources, and authority to enforce those rules effectively. We will prevent predatory lending by defending the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). . . .

This section was shortened from 466 to 315 words. For full text, see page 5 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Revitalizing Our Nation’s Postal Service (p. 6)

The United States Postal Service (USPS) is a national treasure. That is why Democrats embrace a vibrant, public Postal Service that offers universal service, and reject any effort to privatize or marginalize it. We are committed to eliminating the unsustainable mandate to “pre-fund” retiree health costs. And we will work to restore service to appropriate levels, including overnight delivery of first-class mail and periodicals within the same metropolitan area, maintaining six-day and door-to-door delivery, and appointing members to the Board of Governors and the Postal Regulatory Commission who champion a strong public Postal Service. Democrats also advocate for expanding postal services. This includes offering basic financial services such as paycheck cashing and removing statutory restraints on services the USPS may offer. It also includes promoting vote-by-mail to increase voter participation and to help address the scourge of voter suppression.

CREATE GOOD-PAYING JOBS (p. 7)

Democrats know that nothing is more important than creating good-paying jobs that can support a middle-class life—from nurses, firefighters, and teachers to construction workers, factory workers, and small business owners. That is why we are committed to doing everything we can to build a full-employment economy, where everyone has a job that pays enough to raise a family and live in dignity with a sense of purpose. Democrats will build strong, sustained, shared economic growth. We know that when Americans come together, we can do amazing things. In the last century, our leaders came together across the aisle to electrify the nation, build the Interstate Highway System, support groundbreaking research in medicine, science, and communications, and send a man to the moon. When we are bold and ambitious, we can do big things and make our economy stronger for decades to come.

Building 21st Century Infrastructure (p. 7)

. . .we need major federal investments to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure and put millions of Americans back to work in decent paying jobs. . . The climate emergency and the need to expand the middle class demand that we make the most ambitious investment in American infrastructure since President Eisenhower created the interstate highway system. We will put Americans to work updating and expanding our roads, bridges, public transit, airports, and passenger and freight rail lines. We will build 21st century energy and water systems, modernize our schools, and continue to support the expansion of high-speed broadband networks. We will protect communities from the impact of climate change and help them to mitigate its effects by investing in green and resilient infrastructure. We will address the backlog of deferred maintenance in our four key public land management agencies. And we will protect public health and safety by modernizing drinking and wastewater systems. . .

. . .create an independent, national infrastructure bank that will support critical infrastructure improvements. This bank will provide loans and other financial assistance for investments in energy, water, broadband, transportation, and multi-modal infrastructure projects. . . .support the interest tax exemption on municipal bonds and will work to establish a permanent version of Build America Bonds. . .

This section was shortened from 321 to 213 words. For full text, see page 7 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Fostering a Manufacturing Renaissance (p. 7)

Democrats believe one of the best ways to innovate, prosper, and create good-paying jobs is to make more in America, which is why we firmly support American manufacturing with a “Make it in America” plan. We must revitalize hard-hit manufacturing communities; create thriving hubs of manufacturing and innovation throughout the country; and claw back tax breaks for companies that ship jobs overseas, using the proceeds to reinvest in communities and workers at home instead. Democrats are proud of rescuing the auto industry from collapse, which saved more than a million jobs, and led the auto industry, which is at the heart of American manufacturing, to record sales. Democrats will defend the Export-Import Bank, which supports good-paying jobs across the country and allows American workers and manufacturers to compete on a level playing field. Donald Trump may talk tough, but he has consistently outsourced his own products. American workers deserve better.

Creating Good-Paying Clean Energy Jobs (p. 8)

We must help American workers and businesses compete for jobs and investments in global clean energy, high-tech products, internet technology products, and advanced manufacturing and vehicles. We must make American manufacturing more internationally competitive by making it the greenest and most efficient in the world, including by investing in industrial energy efficiency.

Pursuing Our Innovation Agenda: Science, Research, Education, and Technology (p. 8)

. . .Entrepreneurship and innovation are fundamental to our future economic growth—in the information technology (IT) industry as well as energy, manufacturing, transportation, health, retail, services, and countless other sectors. We will nurture the next generation of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs. . . to make sure America continues to out-compete and out-innovate the rest of the world. . .
New technologies are already transforming our economy. . . We must harness these forces so that they create higher-paying jobs across the country, bring more people into the workforce, and reduce inequality. To do this, we need to educate our people and train our workforce; support entrepreneurship and promote inclusion in the digital economy; attract and retain talented people from all over the world; and invest in research and development, innovation hubs, as well as in getting ideas to market. . .
Democrats believe we must harness the promise of technological innovation. . .for people with disabilities. . .
High-speed internet connectivity is. . . a necessity. . . Democrats will finish the job of connecting every household in America to high-speed broadband, increase internet adoption, and help hook up anchor institutions so they can offer free WiFi to the public. . . . help America widely deploy 5G technology. . .
Democrats support a free and open internet at home and abroad, and will oppose any effort by Republicans to roll back the historic net neutrality rules. . .
. . .We will protect the intellectual property rights of artists, creators, and inventors at home and abroad. . .
. . .We will increase access to global markets for American intellectual property and other digital trade by opposing quotas, discriminatory measures, and data localization requirements. . . We will strengthen support for NASA and work in partnership with the international scientific community to launch new missions to space.

This section was shortened from 624 to 309 words. For full text, see page 8 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Supporting America’s Small Businesses (p. 9)

The Democratic Party will make it easier to start and grow a small business in America, unlike Donald Trump, who has often stiffed small businesses—nearly bankrupting some—with his deceptive and reckless corporate practices. By supporting small business and entrepreneurship, we can grow jobs faster in America. We will cut the red tape that holds back small businesses and entrepreneurs. We will open up access to credit because we know that small businesses are some of the best job creators in our country. We will provide tax relief and tax simplification. And we will expand access to new markets because every American small business should be able to tap new markets — whether across their city, across their state, or around the world. Democrats will provide targeted funding and support for entrepreneurship and small business growth in underserved communities. Democrats also realize the critical importance of small businesses as engines of opportunity for women, people of color, tribes, and people in rural America, and will work to nurture entrepreneurship.

Creating Jobs for America’s Young People (p. 9)

Democrats will make investments to spur the creation of millions of jobs for our young people. Roughly one in ten Americans between the ages of 16 and 24 is unemployed, more than twice the national average. The unemployment rates for African American, Latino, Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI), and American Indian teenagers and youth with disabilities are far too high. That is why Democrats will provide direct federal funding for a range of local programs that will put young people to work and create new career opportunities.

FIGHT FOR ECONOMIC FAIRNESS AND AGAINST INEQUALITY (p. 9)

Democrats believe that today’s extreme levels of income and wealth inequality are bad for our people, bad for our businesses, and bad for our economy. Our country depends on a thriving middle class to drive economic growth, but the middle class is shrinking. Meanwhile, the top one-tenth of one percent of Americans now own almost as much wealth as the bottom 90 percent combined. These trends create problems beyond insulting our sense of basic fairness. Social mobility is far lower than most believe it to be. Children who are born to families in the lowest fifth of earnings are more than 10 times more likely to remain there as adults than they are to earn as much as those in the top fifth. Unless we invest in building a level playing field, we all lose.

Reining in Wall Street and Fixing our Financial System (p. 10)

To restore economic fairness, Democrats will fight against the greed and recklessness of Wall Street. . . We must make Wall Street work for the job-creating, productive economy. . . We need to prohibit Wall Street from picking and choosing which credit agency will rate its products as well as from imposing excessive fees on consumers. And we must hold both individuals and corporations accountable when they break the law. Democrats believe that no bank can be too big to fail and no executive too powerful to jail. Democrats will support stronger criminal laws and civil penalties for Wall Street criminals who prey on the public trust. We also support extending the statute of limitations for prosecuting major financial fraud, and providing the Department of Justice, the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission more resources to prosecute wrongdoing. . .

We will also vigorously implement, enforce, and build on President Obama’s landmark Dodd-Frank financial reform law. . . We will also continue to protect consumers and defend the CFPB from Republican attacks. . . Democrats condemn predatory payday lending. . .

. . .We support a financial transactions tax on Wall Street to curb excessive speculation and high-frequency trading, which has threatened financial markets. We acknowledge that there is room within our party for a diversity of views on a broader financial transactions tax.

Democrats will not hesitate to use and expand existing authorities as well as empower regulators to downsize or break apart financial institutions when necessary to protect the public and safeguard financial stability, including new authorities to go after risky shadow-banking activities. . .

. . .We will nominate and appoint regulators and officials who are not beholden to the industries they regulate. . . And we will bar financial service regulators from lobbying their former colleagues for at least two years.

We will protect and defend the Federal Reserve’s independence to carry out the dual mandate assigned to it by Congress. . . will also reform the Federal Reserve to make it more representative of America as a whole, and we will fight to enhance its independence. . .

. . .we need to give Americans affordable banking options, including by empowering the United States Postal Service to facilitate the delivery of basic banking services.

This section was shortened from 780 to 383 words. For full text, see page 10 of the Full 2016 Democratic Party Platform.

Appointing Judges (p. 23)

We will appoint judges who defend the constitutional principles of liberty and equality for all, and will
protect a woman’s right to safe and legal abortion, curb billionaires’ influence over elections because they
understand that Citizens United has fundamentally damaged our democracy, and believe the Constitution
protects not only the powerful, but also the disadvantaged and powerless.

Promoting Trade That is Fair and Benefits American Workers (p. 12)

Large corporations have concentrated their control over markets to a greater degree than Americans have seen in decades—further evidence that the deck is stacked for those at the top. Democrats will take steps to stop corporate concentration in any industry where it is unfairly limiting competition. We will make competition policy and antitrust stronger and more responsive to our economy today, enhance the antitrust enforcement arms of the Department of Justice (DOJ) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and encourage other agencies to police anti-competitive practices in their areas of jurisdiction.

We support the historic purpose of the antitrust laws to protect competition and prevent excessively consolidated economic and political power, which can be corrosive to a healthy democracy. We support reinvigorating DOJ and FTC enforcement of antitrust laws to prevent abusive behavior by dominant companies, and protecting the public interest against abusive, discriminatory, and unfair methods of commerce. We support President Obama’s recent Executive Order, directing all agencies to identify specific actions they can take in their areas of jurisdiction to detect anticompetitive practices—such as tying arrangements, price fixing, and exclusionary conduct—and to refer practices that appear to violate federal antitrust law to the DOJ and FTC.

Republican Party Platform

The Republican Platform has an overarching category addressing the economy: Restoring the American Dream (p. 1-8).

Rebuilding the Economy and Creating Jobs (p. 1)

We are the party of a growing economy that gives everyone a chance in life, an opportunity to learn, work, and realize the prosperity freedom makes possible.
Government cannot create prosperity, though government can limit or destroy it. Prosperity is the product of self-discipline, enterprise, saving and investment by individuals, but it is not an end in itself. Prosperity provides the means by which citizens and their families can maintain their independence from government, raise their children by their own values, practice their faith, and build communities of cooperation and mutual respect. It is also the foundation for our nation’s global leadership, for it is the vigor of our economy which makes possible our military strength and our national security.
Pundits and Democrats tell us that we should accept the new normal of a slow-growing economy. The consequences are too dire to ever accept that. . .
We repudiate the absurd idea this is the best America can do. The American people rejected that nonsense the last time it was offered. . . we ask them to join us now to again repudiate the false gospel of America’s diminishment and retreat. We offer instead our vision of an opportunity society based on the economics of inclusion.

This section was shortened from 377 to 206 words. For full text, see page 1 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

A Competitive America (p. 2)

Competitiveness equals jobs. That equation governs our policies regarding U.S. corporations in the global economy. Private investment is a key driver of economic growth and job creation. After falling dramatically during the recession, private investment has recovered at a disappointing pace due in part to high corporate tax rates and increasing regulatory burdens and uncertainty.

American businesses now face the world’s highest corporate tax rates. That’s like putting lead shoes on your cross-country team. It reduces companies’ ability to compete overseas, encourages them to move abroad, lessens their investment, cripples job creation here at home, lowers American wages, and fosters the avoidance of tax liability — without actually increasing tax revenues. A more damaging policy is hard to imagine. We propose to level the international playing field by lowering the corporate tax rate to be on a par with, or below, the rates of other industrial nations. We endorse the recommendation of the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform, as well as the current Administration’s Export Council, to switch to a territorial system of taxation so that profits earned and taxed abroad may be repatriated for job-creating investment here at home. We believe American companies should be headquartered in America. We should reduce barriers to accomplishing that goal.

A Winning Trade Policy (p. 2)

International trade is crucial for all sectors of America’s economy. Massive trade deficits are not. We envision a worldwide multilateral agreement among nations committed to the principles of open markets, what has been called a “Reagan Economic Zone,” in which free trade will truly be fair trade for all concerned.
We need better negotiated trade agreements that put America first. When trade agreements have been carefully negotiated with friendly democracies, they have resulted in millions of new jobs here at home supported by our exports. When those agreements do not adequately protect U.S. interests, U.S. sovereignty, or when they are violated with impunity, they must be rejected. . .
We cannot allow China to continue its currency manipulation, exclusion of U.S. products from government purchases, and subsidization of Chinese companies to thwart American imports. . .
. . .A Republican president will insist on parity in trade and stand ready to implement countervailing duties if other countries refuse to cooperate.
At the same time, we look to broaden our trade agreements with countries which share our values and commitment to fairness, along with transparency in our commercial and business practices. . .

This section was shortened from 290 to 192 words. For full text, see page 2 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

Freeing Financial Markets (p. 3)

The Republican vision for American banking calls for establishing transparent, efficient markets where consumers can obtain loans they need at reasonable rates based on market conditions. Unfortunately, in response to the financial institutions crisis of 2008-2009, the Democratic-controlled Congress. . . used it as an excuse to establish unprecedented government control over the nation’s financial markets. . .
. . .Predictably, central planning of our financial sector has not created jobs, it has killed them. It has not limited risks, it has created more. It has not encouraged economic growth, it has shackled it.
Since the enactment of Dodd-Frank, the number of community banks has significantly declined. . . From 13,000 community banks in 1985, only 1,900 remain. . .
Community banks are essential to ensuring small businesses have easy and affordable access to the capital they need. . . We support removing roadblocks and regulations that prevent access to capital.
The worst of Dodd-Frank is the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. . . It answers to neither Congress nor the executive, has its own guaranteed funding outside the appropriations process, and uses its slush fund to steer settlements to politically favored groups.
Its Director has dictatorial powers. . . Its regulatory harassment of local and regional banks. . . advantages big banks and makes it harder for Americans to buy a home. Its one-size-fits-all approach to every issue threatens the diversity of the country’s financial system. . .
If the Bureau is not abolished, it should be subjected to congressional appropriation. . .
. . .no financial institution is too big to fail. We support legislation to ensure that the problems of any financial institution can be resolved through the Bankruptcy Code. We endorse prudent regulation of the banking system to ensure that FDIC-regulated banks are properly capitalized and taxpayers are protected against bailouts. . .

This section was shortened from 539 to 306 words. For full text, see page 3 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

Responsible Homeownership and Rental Opportunities (p. 4)

Homeownership expands personal liberty, builds communities, and helps Americans create wealth. “The American Dream” . . . means a decent place to live, a safe place to raise kids, a welcoming place to retire. . .
The Great Recession devastated the housing market. U.S. taxpayers paid billions to rescue Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. . . and to cover the losses of the poorly-managed Federal Housing Administration. . .
More than six million households had to move from homeownership to renting. Rental costs escalated so that today nearly 12 million families spend more than 50 percent of their incomes just on rent. The national homeownership rate has sharply fallen. . .
There is a growing sense that our national standard of living will never be as high as it was in the past. We understand that pessimism but do not share it. . .
Our goal is to advance responsible home-ownership while guarding against the abuses that led to the housing collapse. We must scale back the federal role in the housing market, promote responsibility on the part of borrowers and lenders, and avoid future taxpayer bailouts. . .
We call for a comprehensive review of federal regulations. . .
For nine years, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac have been in conservatorship. . . The utility of both agencies should be reconsidered. . .
. . .We will end the government mandates that required Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and federally-insured banks to satisfy lending quotas to specific groups. . .
Zoning decisions have always been, and must remain, under local control. . .

This section was shortened from 578 to 263 words. For full text, see page 4 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

America on the Move (p. 4)

. . .Everyone agrees on the need for clean water and safe roads, rail, bridges, ports, and airports. . .
Our Republican majority ended the practice of earmarks, which often diverted transportation spending. . . secured the lon¬gest reauthorization of the Highway Trust Fund in a decade and are advancing a comprehensive reform of the Federal Aviation Administration to make fly¬ing easier and more secure. . .
We propose to remove from the Highway Trust Fund pro¬grams that should not be the business of the federal govern¬ment.
More than a quarter of the Fund’s spending is diverted from its original purpose. One fifth of its funds are spent on mass tran¬sit. . . con¬centrated in six big cities. Additional funds are used for bike-share programs, sidewalks, recreational trails, landscaping, and historical renovations. Other beneficiaries of highway money are ferry boats, the federal lands access program, scenic byways, and education initiatives. These worthwhile enterprises should be funded through other sources.
We propose to phase out the federal transit program and reform provisions of the National En-vironmental Policy Act. . . We renew our call for repeal of the Davis-Bacon law. . . additional revenue will be needed to expand the carrying capacity of roads and bridges, we will remove legal roadblocks to public-private partnership agreements. . . we oppose a further increase in the federal gas tax.
Although unionization has never been per¬mitted in any government agency concerned with national security, the current Administration has reversed that policy for the Transportation Secu-rity Administration. We will correct that mistake. . .
Amtrak is an extremely expensive railroad for the American taxpayers. . . should allow private ventures to provide passenger service in the northeast corridor. The same holds true with regard to high-speed and intercity rail across the country. . .

This section was shortened from 577 to 299 words. For full text, see page 4 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

Building the Future: Technology (p. 5)

The digital revolution has transformed how we work, learn, sell, shop, socialize — in short, how we live. Technological change drives our positions with regard to. . . our campaign for growth and jobs. It is why we propose to simplify the tax code, reduce corporate rates, transition to a territorial system, and create incentives for investment and innovation.

. . .We want to create a business climate that rewards risk and promotes innovation, a learning system that gives Americans the skills needed to seize the opportuni­ties of the 21st century, and an international order that maintains a fair and open global market for America’s goods and services. We intend to ad­vance policies that protect data privacy. . .

Together, broadband and good ideas have become the 21st century engines of American in­genuity. . . Government must give America’s innovators the freedom to create and, on their merits, succeed or fail.

Our agenda includes balanced protections for intellectual property. . . We intend to facilitate access to spectrum by paving the way for high-speed, next- generation broadband deployment and competi­tion. . . encourage the sharing econ­omy and on-demand platforms to compete in an open market. . . encourage the innovation and competition that are essential. . .

. . .There is an ur­gent need to modernize the federal government’s legacy systems and to recruit the skilled technical personnel who can advance the adoption of innova­tion in the public sector. . .

We encourage public-private partnerships to provide predictable support for connecting rural areas. . .

. . .The entrepreneurship and innovation culture of the free market is revitalizing the nation’s space capabilities, saving taxpayer money, and advancing technology critical to maintain America’s edge in space and in other fields.

To protect our national security interests and foster innovation and competitiveness, we must sustain our preeminence in space. . .

This section was shortened from 550 to 308 words. For full text, see page 5 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

Building the Future: America’s Electric Grid (p. 6)

Our nation’s interstate electric transmission system has long been a catalyst for developing and delivering low cost energy while spurring economic growth throughout the United States The grid is aging, vulnerable to cyber and terrorist threats, and unprepared to serve our energy needs of tomorrow. It should not take seven to ten years to plan and construct a transmission line. We support expedited siting processes and the thoughtful expansion of the grid so that consumers and businesses continue to have access to affordable and reliable electricity

Start-up Century: Small Business and Entrepreneurship (p. 6)

A central reason why the 20th century came to be called the American Century was the ability of individuals to invent and create in a land of free markets. . . Today they are the entrepreneurs, independent contractors, and small business men and women of our new economy. Their innovation drives improvement and forces long-established institutions to adapt or fade away. . . As in the past, they still create most new jobs and form the com¬mercial network that holds communities together. Their enterprise is the lifeblood of our economy, but it is weakening.
More businesses are closing in our country than are starting. . . Productivity growth has slowed. . . We need to consider the effect of capital gains rates on the availability of venture capital, as well as the positive impact of expensing on start-up firms.
We should reduce the occupational licensing laws. . . We must overturn the regulatory nightmare, created by the Dodd- Frank law, for the community banks. . . We must chal¬lenge established interests and traditional business patterns to facilitate market entry of new business models. . .
As incubators of unconventional thinking, our country’s existing research infrastructure. . . have the potential to form partnerships with small businesses to create an American Start-Up Century.

This section was shortened from 321 to 212 words. For full text, see page 6 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

Workplace Freedom for a 21st Century Workforce (p. 7)

. . .our first priority is getting people back to work by fostering the kind of growth that creates jobs. That overarch­ing goal unites all the sections of this platform. . . It also impels us to challenge the anach­ronistic labor laws that limit workers’ freedom and lock them into the workplace rules of their great-grandfathers. . .

Technology has already created jobs that did not exist fifteen years ago, and today’s workers need flexibility and family-friendly options to make the most of them, especially portability in pension plans and health insurance.

We intend to encourage those trends by bring­ing labor law into the 21st century. It should en­courage cooperation between management and workers, not conflict. All workers, including union members, must be free to accept raises and re­wards without veto power from union officials. All unionized workers should be able to find out what is going on in their union trust funds and in their executive compensation. We support the right of states to enact Right-to-Work laws and call for a national law to protect the economic liberty of the modern workforce.

All Americans deserve the opportunity to pur­sue their American dream free from discrimination. . .

Republicans believe that the employer- employee relationship of the future will be built upon employee empowerment and workplace flexibility. We therefore endorse employee stock ownership plans. . .

Minimum wage is an issue that should be han­dled at the state and local level.

This section was shortened from 474 to 241 words. For full text, see page 7 of the Full 2016 Republican Party Platform.

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